Pharmacognosy (Theory and Practical) MCQ Questions

Pharmacognosy (Theory and Practical) MCQ Questions – Pharmacognosy is a subject related to the study of natural drugs and its constituents. this subject is included in D. Pharma and B. Pharma curriculum. This practice test is helpful for D. Pharma (1st year), B. Pharma and Pharmacists preparing for competitive exams. Attempt this test for basic revision of important topics in pharmacognosy.

D Pharma subjects

subjects in D Pharmacy 1st year 1st Year

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Crow fig
(a) Vinca
(b) Ephedra
(c) Nux vomica
(d) None of the above

Correct answer
(c) Nux vomica

Ma-Huang
(a) Vinca
(b) Nux vomica
(c) Nutmeg
(d) Ephedra

Correct answer
(d) Ephedra

Periwinkle
(a) Vinca
(b) Nux vomica
(c) Nutmeg
(d) All of the above

Correct answer (a)

Apocynaceae
(a) Aloe
(b) Garlic
(c) Rauwolfia
(d) Shatavari

Correct answer
(c) Rauwolfia

Example of Leaf
(a) Digitalis
(b) Belladonna
(c) Vasaka
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

Example of Leaflet.
(a) Senna
(b) Neem
(c) Digitalis
(d) Both (a) & (b)

Correct answer
(d) Both (a) & (b)

Examples of Diuretics
(a) Gokhru
(b) Punarnava
(c) Vasaka
(d) balsam
(e) Both (a) & (b)

Correct answer
(e) Both (a) & (b)

Examples of Antitussives
(a) Ipecacuanha
(b) Punarnava
(c) Tulsi
(d) None of the above

Correct answer
(c) Tulsi

Which part of plant is used as drug in case of Rauwolfia
(a) Bark
(b) Rhizomes
(c) Roots
(d) None of the above

Correct answer
(d) None of the above

Name the following combination to form Oleoresin
(a) volatile oil + gum + resin
(b) Sugar + resin)
(c) volatile oil + resin
(d) Benzoic acid +cinnamic acid)

Correct answer
(c) volatile oil + resin

Name the following combination to form Glycoresins
(a) Benzoic acid +cinnamic acid
(b) volatile oil + resin
(c) volatile oil + gum + resin
(d) Sugar + resin

Correct answer
(d) Sugar + resin

Merits of morphological method of classification
(a) It is most useful for practical purpose
(b) Any additional entry of drugs can be easily done.
(c) It is very useful to identify the adulterants.
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

Demerits of morphological method of classification
(a) It does not give the true chemical nature of a drug.
(b) Many drugs are not in exact morphological form. Therefore it is difficult to classify
(c) Drugs from animal and mineral origin are difficult to classify
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

uses of Rauwolfia
(a) It is used for the treatment of generalized Hodgkin’s disease and chorionepithelioma.
(b) It helps to reduce blood pressure,
(c) It also exhibits hypotensive and antidiuretic properties.
(d) It is used as a bitter and nervine tonic.

Correct answer
(b) It helps to reduce blood pressure,

Applications of Tannin
(a) It is used as mild antiseptics
(b) In the treatment of diarrhoea and to check small haemorrhages
(c) Use in leather and printing industry
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

Ideal requirements of surgical dressings are
(a) They should be sterilized before use
(b) They should be stored in a dry well- ventilated place at a temp. not exceeding 25OC
(c) They should not be dyed unless mentioned in the monograph
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

uses of vinca
(a) It is used in treatment of Leukaemia.
(b) It depresses activity of the central nervous system.
(c) Tranquilizer agent
(d) For extraction of alkaloids such as reserpine, ajamaline.In the preparation of rauwolfia liquid extract.

Correct answer (a)

characteristics features of Umbelliferous fruits
(a) Two mericarp join together by a thread like structure called as carpophore
(b) Primary ridges are 5 or more runs from apex to base.
(c) All umbelliferous fruits contain Volatile oil.
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

uses of Madhunashini or Shankhapushpi.
(a) It is used as an expectorant, bronchodilator and as mild bronchial antispasmodic.
(b) anti-inflammatory activity due to presence of oxazolidone
(c) The fresh juice of the plant is prescribed in insanity, epilepsy and nervous debility.
(d) It is Sympathomimetic drug used as bronchodilator

Correct answer
(c) The fresh juice of the plant is prescribed in insanity, epilepsy and nervous debility.

characteristics features of Umbelliferous fruits
(a) Two mericarp join together by a thread like structure called as carpophore
(b) Primary ridges are 5 or more runs from apex to base.
(c) All umbelliferous fruits contain Volatile oil.
(d) All of the above

Correct answer
(d) All of the above

Uses of Sandalwood
(a) Medicinally it is used as digestant and an antiinflammatory agent
(b) It is used as a source of sandalwood oil.
(c) It has shown relieving symptoms of episiotomy
(d) It is used as carminatives

Correct answer
(b) It is used as a source of sandalwood oil.

Uses of Vasaka leaf
(a) It also used as condiments
(b) It is antibacterial
(c) Vasicine is reported to possess oxytocic action
(d) It is also used in cosmetics and perfumery industry

Correct answer
(c) Vasicine is reported to possess oxytocic action

Uses of Garlic
(a) It is used as an expectorant, bronchodilator.
(b) It is used as a mild bronchial antispasmodic.
(c) It is used in cheese manufacture as a substitute of rennin
(d) Oil of garlic is used as anthelmintic, rubefacient and useful in high blood pressure and atherosclerosis

Correct answer
(d) Oil of garlic is used as anthelmintic, rubefacient and useful in high blood pressure and atherosclerosis

Different Methods of Adulteration
(a) Replacement by exhausted drugs
(b) Substitution with superficially similar but inferior drugs
(c) Substitution by artificially manufactured substituent
(d) Synthetic chemical
(e) All of the above

Correct answer
(e) All of the above

Uses of Papaya
(a) Alcoholic extract possesses antiviral activity against Ranikhet disease virus (chicks).
(b) It is used in clarification of beverages and as a meat tenderiser
(c) It is also used in hypertension and tranquilizers.
(d) The fresh juice of the plant is prescribed in insanity, epilepsy and nervous debility

Correct answer
(b) It is used in clarification of beverages and as a meat tenderizer


State whether the following statements are True or False

The medications given in the treatment of high blood pressure are known as antihypertensive drugs.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

The drugs used in the treatment of leprosy are known as antileprotics
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

A American scientist, Hubert Humphrey coined the term pharmacognosy.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer
(b) False

Enzymes are protein substances, which serve a role of catalyzing the biochemical reactions
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Pharmacognosy is defined as the scientific and systematic study of structural, physical, chemical and biological characters of crude drugs along with their history, method of cultivation, collection and preparation for the market.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Cardiotonics are the chemical sterilizing agents which are used to kill pathogenic microbes or for prevention of their growth.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer
(b) False

Resins are an amorphous mixture of essential oils, oxygenated product of terpenes and carboxylic acid and found as an exudation from the trunk of trees.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Oxytocics are drugs which have stimulant effects on the motility of the uterus.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Antiseptics are the drugs which give strength or energy to the activity of the heart.
(a) True
(b) False

No correct answers

pharmacognosy mcq questions

The substances which are of little or no therapeutic value but are essentially used in manufacture or compounding of pharmaceuticals are known as pharmaceutical aids.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Diuretics are the drugs which decrease the flow of urine
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer
(b) False

The drug used in the treatment of dysentery is called antidysenterica.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Antitumour are the drugs which are used in the treatment of Diabetes.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer
(b) False

Volatile oils are odourless and colourless principles of plants and animal sources; these are evaporated when exposed to air at ordinary temperature.
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Vitamins are the substances which are considered to be essential for the maintenance of normal metabolic functions
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)

Antitussives are the agents which acts upon the pulmonary membranes that hasten or alter expectoration
(a) True
(b) False

Correct answer (a)


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